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ICMPv4PacketImpl.cpp

//
// ICMPv4PacketImpl.cpp
//
// $Id: //poco/1.2/Net/src/ICMPv4PacketImpl.cpp#1 $
//
// Library: Net
// Package: ICMP
// Module:  ICMPv4PacketImpl
//
// Copyright (c) 2006, Applied Informatics Software Engineering GmbH.
// and Contributors.
//
// Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person or organization
// obtaining a copy of the software and accompanying documentation covered by
// this license (the "Software") to use, reproduce, display, distribute,
// execute, and transmit the Software, and to prepare derivative works of the
// Software, and to permit third-parties to whom the Software is furnished to
// do so, all subject to the following:
// 
// The copyright notices in the Software and this entire statement, including
// the above license grant, this restriction and the following disclaimer,
// must be included in all copies of the Software, in whole or in part, and
// all derivative works of the Software, unless such copies or derivative
// works are solely in the form of machine-executable object code generated by
// a source language processor.
// 
// THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
// IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
// FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, TITLE AND NON-INFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT
// SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS OR ANYONE DISTRIBUTING THE SOFTWARE BE LIABLE
// FOR ANY DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE,
// ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER
// DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
//


#include "Poco/Net/ICMPv4PacketImpl.h"
#include "Poco/Net/NetException.h"
#include "Poco/Timestamp.h"
#include "Poco/Timespan.h"
#include "Poco/Process.h"
#include "Poco/NumberFormatter.h"
#include <sstream>


using Poco::InvalidArgumentException;
using Poco::Timestamp;
using Poco::Timespan;
using Poco::Process;
using Poco::NumberFormatter;
using Poco::UInt8;
using Poco::UInt16;
using Poco::Int32;


namespace Poco {
namespace Net {


const UInt8 ICMPv4PacketImpl::DESTINATION_UNREACHABLE_TYPE       = 3;
const Poco::UInt8 ICMPv4PacketImpl::SOURCE_QUENCH_TYPE     = 4;
const Poco::UInt8 ICMPv4PacketImpl::REDIRECT_MESSAGE_TYPE  = 5;
const UInt8 ICMPv4PacketImpl::TIME_EXCEEDED_TYPE                 = 11;
const Poco::UInt8 ICMPv4PacketImpl::PARAMETER_PROBLEM_TYPE = 12;


const std::string ICMPv4PacketImpl::MESSAGE_TYPE[] = 
{
      "Echo Reply",
      "ICMP 1",
      "ICMP 2",
      "Dest Unreachable",
      "Source Quench",
      "Redirect",
      "ICMP 6",
      "ICMP 7",
      "Echo",
      "ICMP 9",
      "ICMP 10",
      "Time Exceeded",
      "Parameter Problem",
      "Timestamp",
      "Timestamp Reply",
      "Info Request",
      "Info Reply",
      "Unknown type"
};


const std::string ICMPv4PacketImpl::DESTINATION_UNREACHABLE_CODE[] = 
{
      "Net unreachable",
      "Host unreachable",
      "Protocol unreachable",
      "Port unreachable",
      "Fragmentation needed and DF set",
      "Source route failed",
      "Unknown code"
};


const std::string ICMPv4PacketImpl::REDIRECT_MESSAGE_CODE[] = 
{
      "Redirect datagrams for the network",
      "Redirect datagrams for the host",
      "Redirect datagrams for the type of service and network",
      "Redirect datagrams for the type of service and host",
      "Unknown code"
};


const std::string ICMPv4PacketImpl::TIME_EXCEEDED_CODE[] = 
{
      "Time to live exceeded in transit",
      "Fragment reassembly time exceeded",
      "Unknown code"
};


const std::string ICMPv4PacketImpl::PARAMETER_PROBLEM_CODE[] = 
{
      "Pointer indicates the error",
      "Unknown code"
};


ICMPv4PacketImpl::ICMPv4PacketImpl(int dataSize): 
      ICMPPacketImpl(dataSize)
{
      initPacket();
}


00134 ICMPv4PacketImpl::~ICMPv4PacketImpl()
{
}


00139 int ICMPv4PacketImpl::packetSize() const
{
      return getDataSize() + sizeof(Header);
}


00145 void ICMPv4PacketImpl::initPacket()
{
      if (_seq >= MAX_SEQ_VALUE) resetSequence();

      Header* icp = (Header*) packet(false);
      icp->type     = ECHO;
      icp->code     = 0;
      icp->checksum = 0;
      icp->seq      = ++_seq;
      icp->id       = static_cast<UInt16>(Process::id());
      
      struct timeval* ptp = (struct timeval *) (icp + 1);
      *ptp = time();

      icp->checksum = checksum((UInt16*) icp, getDataSize() + sizeof(Header));
}


00163 struct timeval ICMPv4PacketImpl::time(Poco::UInt8* buffer, int length) const
{
      struct timeval tv;

      if (0 == buffer || 0 == length)
      {
            Timespan value(Timestamp().epochMicroseconds());
            tv.tv_sec  = (long) value.totalSeconds();
            tv.tv_usec = (long) value.useconds();
      }
      else
      {
            struct timeval* ptv = (struct timeval*) data(buffer, length);
            if (ptv) tv = *ptv;
            else throw InvalidArgumentException("Invalid packet.");
      }
      return tv;
}


ICMPv4PacketImpl::Header* ICMPv4PacketImpl::header(Poco::UInt8* buffer, int length) const
{
      poco_check_ptr (buffer);

      int offset = (buffer[0] & 0x0F) * 4;
      if ((offset + sizeof(Header)) > length) return 0;

      buffer += offset;
      return (Header *) buffer;
}


Poco::UInt8* ICMPv4PacketImpl::data(Poco::UInt8* buffer, int length) const
{
      return ((Poco::UInt8*) header(buffer, length)) + sizeof(Header);
}


00201 bool ICMPv4PacketImpl::validReplyID(Poco::UInt8* buffer, int length) const
{
      Header *icp = header(buffer, length);
      return icp && (Process::id() == icp->id);
}


std::string ICMPv4PacketImpl::errorDescription(unsigned char* buffer, int length)
{
      Header *icp = header(buffer, length);

      if (!icp) return "Invalid header.";
      if (ECHO_REPLY == icp->type) return std::string(); // not an error

      UInt8 pointer = 0;
      if (PARAMETER_PROBLEM == icp->type)
      {
            UInt8 mask = 0x00FF;
            pointer = icp->id & mask;
      }

      MessageType type = static_cast<MessageType>(icp->type);
      int code = icp->code;
      std::ostringstream err;

      switch (type)
      {
      case DESTINATION_UNREACHABLE_TYPE:
            if (code >= NET_UNREACHABLE && code < DESTINATION_UNREACHABLE_UNKNOWN)
                  err << DESTINATION_UNREACHABLE_CODE[code];
            else
                  err << DESTINATION_UNREACHABLE_CODE[DESTINATION_UNREACHABLE_UNKNOWN];
            break;
      
      case SOURCE_QUENCH_TYPE:            
            err << "Source quench";
            break;
      
      case REDIRECT_MESSAGE_TYPE:
            if (code >= REDIRECT_NETWORK && code < REDIRECT_MESSAGE_UNKNOWN) 
                  err << REDIRECT_MESSAGE_CODE[code];
            else
                  err << REDIRECT_MESSAGE_CODE[REDIRECT_MESSAGE_UNKNOWN];
            break;

      case TIME_EXCEEDED_TYPE:
            if (code >= TIME_TO_LIVE || code < TIME_EXCEEDED_UNKNOWN)
                  err << TIME_EXCEEDED_CODE[code];
            else
                  err << TIME_EXCEEDED_CODE[TIME_EXCEEDED_UNKNOWN];
            break;
      
      case PARAMETER_PROBLEM_TYPE:
            if (POINTER_INDICATES_THE_ERROR != code)
                  code = PARAMETER_PROBLEM_UNKNOWN;
            err << PARAMETER_PROBLEM_CODE[code] << ": error in octet #" << pointer;
            break;
      
      default:
            err << "Unknown type.";
            break;
      }

      return err.str();
}

00267 std::string ICMPv4PacketImpl::typeDescription(int typeId)
{
      poco_assert (typeId >= ECHO_REPLY && typeId < MESSAGE_TYPE_LENGTH);

      return MESSAGE_TYPE[typeId];
}


} } // namespace Poco::Net

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