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Process_UNIX.cpp

//
// Process_UNIX.cpp
//
// $Id: //poco/1.3/Foundation/src/Process_UNIX.cpp#2 $
//
// Library: Foundation
// Package: Processes
// Module:  Process
//
// Copyright (c) 2004-2006, Applied Informatics Software Engineering GmbH.
// and Contributors.
//
// Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person or organization
// obtaining a copy of the software and accompanying documentation covered by
// this license (the "Software") to use, reproduce, display, distribute,
// execute, and transmit the Software, and to prepare derivative works of the
// Software, and to permit third-parties to whom the Software is furnished to
// do so, all subject to the following:
// 
// The copyright notices in the Software and this entire statement, including
// the above license grant, this restriction and the following disclaimer,
// must be included in all copies of the Software, in whole or in part, and
// all derivative works of the Software, unless such copies or derivative
// works are solely in the form of machine-executable object code generated by
// a source language processor.
// 
// THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
// IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
// FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, TITLE AND NON-INFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT
// SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS OR ANYONE DISTRIBUTING THE SOFTWARE BE LIABLE
// FOR ANY DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE,
// ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER
// DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
//


#include "Poco/Process_UNIX.h"
#include "Poco/Exception.h"
#include "Poco/NumberFormatter.h"
#include "Poco/Pipe.h"
#include <errno.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/resource.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>


#if defined(__QNX__)
#include <process.h>
#include <spawn.h>
#include <cstring>
#endif


namespace Poco {


//
// ProcessHandleImpl
//
ProcessHandleImpl::ProcessHandleImpl(pid_t pid):
      _pid(pid)
{
}


ProcessHandleImpl::~ProcessHandleImpl()
{
}


pid_t ProcessHandleImpl::id() const
{
      return _pid;
}


int ProcessHandleImpl::wait() const
{
      int status;
      int rc;
      do
      {
            rc = waitpid(_pid, &status, 0);
      }
      while (rc < 0 && errno == EINTR);
      if (rc != _pid)
            throw SystemException("Cannot wait for process", NumberFormatter::format(_pid));
      return WEXITSTATUS(status);
}


//
// ProcessImpl
//
ProcessImpl::PIDImpl ProcessImpl::idImpl()
{
      return getpid();
}


void ProcessImpl::timesImpl(long& userTime, long& kernelTime)
{
      struct rusage usage;
      getrusage(RUSAGE_SELF, &usage);
      userTime   = usage.ru_utime.tv_sec;
      kernelTime = usage.ru_stime.tv_sec;
}


ProcessHandleImpl* ProcessImpl::launchImpl(const std::string& command, const ArgsImpl& args, Pipe* inPipe, Pipe* outPipe, Pipe* errPipe)
{
#if defined(__QNX__)
      /// use QNX's spawn system call which is more efficient than fork/exec.
      char** argv = new char*[args.size() + 2];
      int i = 0;
      argv[i++] = const_cast<char*>(command.c_str());
      for (ArgsImpl::const_iterator it = args.begin(); it != args.end(); ++it) 
            argv[i++] = const_cast<char*>(it->c_str());
      argv[i] = NULL;
      struct inheritance inherit;
      std::memset(&inherit, 0, sizeof(inherit));
      inherit.flags = SPAWN_ALIGN_DEFAULT | SPAWN_CHECK_SCRIPT | SPAWN_SEARCH_PATH;
      int fdmap[3];
      fdmap[0] = inPipe  ? inPipe->readHandle()   : 0;
      fdmap[1] = outPipe ? outPipe->writeHandle() : 1;
      fdmap[2] = errPipe ? errPipe->writeHandle() : 2;
      int pid = spawn(command.c_str(), 3, fdmap, &inherit, argv, NULL);
      delete [] argv;
      if (pid == -1) throw SystemException("cannot spawn", command);
#else
      int pid = fork();
      if (pid < 0)
      {
            throw SystemException("Cannot fork process for", command);        
      }
      else if (pid == 0)
      {
            // setup redirection
            if (inPipe)
            {
                  dup2(inPipe->readHandle(), STDIN_FILENO);
                  inPipe->close(Pipe::CLOSE_BOTH);
            }
            // outPipe and errPipe may be the same, so we dup first and close later
            if (outPipe) dup2(outPipe->writeHandle(), STDOUT_FILENO);
            if (errPipe) dup2(errPipe->writeHandle(), STDERR_FILENO);
            if (outPipe) outPipe->close(Pipe::CLOSE_BOTH);
            if (errPipe) errPipe->close(Pipe::CLOSE_BOTH);
            // close all open file descriptors other than stdin, stdout, stderr
            for (int i = 3; i < getdtablesize(); ++i)
                  close(i);
                  
            char** argv = new char*[args.size() + 2];
            int i = 0;
            argv[i++] = const_cast<char*>(command.c_str());
            for (ArgsImpl::const_iterator it = args.begin(); it != args.end(); ++it) 
                  argv[i++] = const_cast<char*>(it->c_str());
            argv[i] = NULL;
            execvp(command.c_str(), argv);
            _exit(72);
      }
#endif
      if (inPipe)  inPipe->close(Pipe::CLOSE_READ);
      if (outPipe) outPipe->close(Pipe::CLOSE_WRITE);
      if (errPipe) errPipe->close(Pipe::CLOSE_WRITE);
      return new ProcessHandleImpl(pid);
}


void ProcessImpl::killImpl(PIDImpl pid)
{
      if (kill(pid, SIGKILL) != 0)
      {
            switch (errno)
            {
            case ESRCH:
                  throw NotFoundException("cannot kill process");
            case EPERM:
                  throw NoPermissionException("cannot kill process");
            default:
                  throw SystemException("cannot kill process");
            }
      }
}


void ProcessImpl::requestTerminationImpl(PIDImpl pid)
{
      if (kill(pid, SIGINT) != 0)
      {
            switch (errno)
            {
            case ESRCH:
                  throw NotFoundException("cannot terminate process");
            case EPERM:
                  throw NoPermissionException("cannot terminate process");
            default:
                  throw SystemException("cannot terminate process");
            }
      }
}


} // namespace Poco

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